Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System
Magnesium is a cofactor in >300 enzymatic reactions. It acts as an essential co-factor for all ATP-binding enzymes. Magnesium plays an important role in cellular electrolyte homeostasis and in the neuromuscular membrane stabilization.
Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is an empirical formula of MgO and consists of a lattice of Mg2+ ions and O2− ions held together by ionic bonding.
A cyclized derivative of L-glutamic acid. Elevated blood levels may be associated with problems of glutamine or glutathione metabolism.
Magnesium sulfate is a saline purgative. It can be employed locally in various inflammatory conditions, due to its osmotic action.