ATC Group: A01AC Corticosteroids for local oral treatment

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

Translations

Language
Translation
  English
Corticosteroids for local oral treatment

Hierarchical Position

Level
Code
Title
4
A01AC
Corticosteroids for local oral treatment

Contents

Code
Title
A01AC01
A01AC02
A01AC03

Active Ingredients

Chemical substance
Description

Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid; it combines high anti-inflammatory effects with low mineralocorticoid activity. It has an approximately 7 times greater anti-inflammatory potency than prednisolone, another commonly prescribed corticosteroid. At high doses it reduces the immune response.

Hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. Hydrocortisone is an anti-inflammatory steroid. Its anti-inflammatory action is due to reduction in the vascular component of the inflammatory response and reduction in the formation of inflammatory fluid and cellular exudates.

Triamcinolone acetonide is a more potent derivative of triamcinolone and is approximately 8 times more potent than prednisone. Although the precise mechanism of corticosteroid anti-allergic action is unknown, corticosteroids are very effective in the treatment of allergic diseases in man. Also, local injections are thought to have an anti-inflammatory effect.